About the Web

Bush, V. (1945, July 1). As We May Think. Retrieved March 4, 2019, from

Bush discusses the failings of current (1945) methods of storing the record of knowledge and scholarship and imagines a device called the memex. He describes it as a “a sort of mechanized private file and library” belonging to each individual. It is a supplement to one’s memory and can be “consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility.” He goes on to describe a desk with a keyboard, buttons and levers, and screens for “convenient reading.” The user of the memex can call up multiple records (books, memory, photos) at one time and may take marginal notes. His vision of the memex echoes the linked environment of the web: “The process of tying two items together is the important thingThe process of tying two items together is the important thing.” By linking and connecting things together by association, rather than traditional indexing, “he builds a trail of his interest through the maze of materials available to him.” By calling for “a new relationship between thinking man and the sum of our knowledge,” Bush’s article predicts the future potential of hypertext, the internet, and even Wikipedia. Maria Popova sums it up “He concludes by considering the cultural value and urgency, infinitely timelier today than it was in his day, of making our civilization’s “record” — the great wealth of information about how we got to where we are — manageable, digestible, and useful in our quest for knowledge, wisdom, and growth.”

Preface of Small Pieces – David Weinberger. (n.d.). Retrieved March 4, 2019, from 

Weinberger builds on the optimistic power of the web but urges the conversation to turn not just to its potential of sharing knowledge but also a type of mirror that demonstrates human nature. “Our families, our communities, and our culture make us what we are. And once we are what we are, we are still unthinkable outside the groups with whom we live; maroon us on a desert isle, and we’ll form an association with a volley ball if we have to. So if a new infrastructure comes along that allows us to connect with everyone else on the planet and to invent new types of connections, this is big news indeed.”

Working openly on the web: a manifesto • Literacies. (n.d.). Retrieved March 4, 2019, from

  • Have a corner of the web you control
  • Work openly by default
  • Ensure your data is readable by both humans and machines
Dash, A. (2018, March 22). The Missing Building Blocks of the Web. Retrieved March 4, 2019, from
Three challenges for the web, according to its inventor. (n.d.). Retrieved March 4, 2019, from
On the 28th birthday of the web, its creator, Tim Berners Lee, gives three cautions about the web: we’ve lost control of our personal data, it’s too easy for misinformation to spread, political advertising online needs transparency and understanding. Read more about his new project Solid.

Digital Identity

Chambers, T. (2010, November 29). Who Owns the Digital You? Retrieved November 20, 2018, from
Read Part II and Part III.
Boyd, D. (n.d.). Controlling your public appearance. Retrieved November 20, 2018, from

Cheney-Lippold, J. (2017). We Are Data: Algorithms and The Making of Our Digital Selves

Domain Foundations

Burtis, M. (2017, June 5). Neither Locked Out Nor Locked In. Retrieved November 2, 2018, from

Burtis calls for a move away from viewing Domain of One’s Own as a practical and technical project. Instead, she advocates for an emphasis on naming, building, breaking the web as creators. She also stresses the importance of asking critical and ethical questions about responsibilities as participants on the web. “If we want Domain of One’s Own to flourish as a space for student agency than we need to balance structured guidance with playfulness and empowerment.”

Burtis, M. (2016). Making and Breaking Domain of One’s Own. Presented at the Digital Pedagogy Lab, University of Mary Washington. Retrieved from

A great introduction to the Domain of One’s Own Project given at the Digital Pedagogy Lab, 2016. Text and audio are available.

Watters, A. (2015). Claim Your Domain–And Own Your Online Presence (CU Boulder Access). Bloomington, UNITED STATES: Solution Tree Press.

Watters imagines a future in which we reclaim educational technology and the full potential of the web in a manner that respects ownership, agency, and identity. She provides a historical overview of the web and educational technologies while pointing out the potential vulnerabilities of our data and digital bites. She advocates for a move towards claiming our own domains — knowledge, spaces, places, and identities.

Watters, A. (2017, April 4). Why “A Domain of One’s Own” Matters (For the Future of Knowledge). Retrieved September 26, 2018, from 

Remarks given at Coventry University as part of Watter’s visiting fellowship at the Disruptive Media Learning Lab. A nice brief introduction to Domain of One’s Own. Audio version available.

Schleef, D. (2016, June 3). Who’s Afraid of Domain of One’s Own? Retrieved July 26, 2018, from UMW Division of Teaching and Learning Technologies website:
Schleef explores the connectedness between Domain of One’s Own projects and Virginia Woolf’s work Room of One’s Own.
Stommel, J. If bell hook made an LMS: Grades, Radical Openness, and Domain of One…. Education. Retrieved from
Jacobs, A. (n.d.). Tending the Digital Commons: A Small Ethics toward the Future. Retrieved July 25, 2018, from